Questions and answers about NVQs

An NVQ certificate may be the basis for a remuneration by the employer. However, a higher salary, as a result of the acquisition of the NVQ, depends primarily on the bargaining opportunities of the NVQ holder and, on the other hand, on the employer’s willingness. In some industries, certain employers have also included NVQ certificates in collective employment agreements.

It should be pointed out that with an NVQ certificate, an individual on the labour market can prove his or her competence for a particular professional qualification and can be more competitive, but employment opportunities are mainly dictated by the needs of employers, which are related to the current labour market situation and not the ‘piece of paper’ an individual has obtained. It should be reiterated that neither an NVQ certificate nor school certificates and diplomas constitute automatic employment.

The greatest interest in NVQs is in areas where NVQs are prescribed by law as a condition for performing a certain activity or as a condition for performing a certain profession (e.g. Private Security Act, Transport of Dangerous Goods Act, etc.). There has also been an increased interest in areas where NVQs can, for example, help in obtaining state subsidies or registering supplementary or craft activities (in some cases where education does not meet the tender conditions for obtaining a state subsidy or the needs for the registration of activities, the NVQ certificate of appropriate professional competence is sufficient).

Below we present 10 NVQs and their professional areas that on average record a high interest of candidates for obtaining the NVQ certificate:

  1. “Security guard” (area: private security)
  2. “Traditional maker of bread, pastries, and pasta” (area: food sector and food production)
  3. “Masseur” (area: cosmetics)
  4. “Croupier” (tourism)
  5. “Concrete works provider and NVQ provider of masonry and plastering” (area: construction)
  6. “Operator of CNC machine” (field: mechanical engineering)
  7. “Beekeeper” (area: agriculture)
  8. “Reflex therapist” (area: healthcare)
  9. “Social caretaker at home” (area: social services)
  10. “Website creator and NVQ website designer” (area: computing)

(Source: NRP SLO portal analysis)

Below we present the 15 most sought-after NPQs that employers listed amongst the conditions of employment in 2019.

  1. Security guard
  2. Social caretaker at home
  3. High-rise construction contractor
  4. Bricklayer, restoration worker
  5. Forestry cutter
  6. Safety technician
  7. MIG/MAG welder
  8. Forklift operator
  9. Forestry tractorist
  10. Paramedic
  11. Real estate broker
  12. Assistant cook
  13. Security supervisor
  14. Low-rise construction contractor
  15. Masseur

(Source: Data from the Employment Service of the Republic of Slovenia)

Individuals wishing to register a sole proprietorship or a private limited company must provide the code of the activity they would like to practise upon registration. The activity codes are derived from the Standard Classification of Activities  – SKD 2008. The type of activity then determines whether the individual needs to prove their qualifications and obtain a craft licence or whether they do not need a craft licence at all and do not need to prove their qualifications.

For performing so-called craft activities – these are activities listed in the Decree of Craft Activities (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No 63/13), it is necessary to obtain a craft permit. The craft permit is issued by the Chamber of Craft and Small Business in the region where the company has its registered office, provided that the qualification requirement is met. What qualifications are required for obtaining a craft permit can be found in the document: ·List of relevant secondary educational programmes and National Vocational Qualifications to perform specific craft activities. The document can be found on the website of the Chamber of Craft and Small Business – List of relevant secondary educational programmes and National Vocational Qualifications to perform specific craft activities

The qualification requirement for obtaining a craft permit is different for each activity, but the appropriate professional education or Master’s exam in the required field is a condition.

Activities in which individual National Professional Qualifications can also fulfil the requirement for demonstrating adequate professional competence (instead of appropriate education) include the following:

10.710 – Production of bread, fresh pastries, and confectionery –  NVQ traditional maker of bread, pastries, and pasta

10.720 – Production of toast and biscuits  – NVQ traditional maker of bread, pastries, and pasta

22.110 – Production and refurbishment of rubber treads and tyres for vehicles – NVQ tyre maintainer and vulcaniser

24.510 – Casting of iron – NVQ ironworker

33.120 – Repair of machinery for wine making – NVQ administrator of process equipment  – mechatronics – applies only to certain subclasses – not all

43.990  – Other specialised construction activities

  • construction of foundations – NVQ concrete works contractor
  • drilling and digging of shafts – NVQ operator of geodrilling machines
  • concreting – NVQ concrete work contractor
  • installation of chimneys and furnaces – NVQ refractory material installer
  • services with lifts and other construction machinery – NVQ operator of mobile lifts

45.200 – Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles

– repair, installation, and replacement of tyres and treads, wheel balancing – NVQ tyre maintainer

96.022 – Cosmetic and pedicure activity

– pedicure – NVQ pedicurist

However, if the party registers activities that are on the list of activities performed in the manner of a craft in accordance with Article 5 of the Small Business Act with an explanation, the qualification requirement does not need to be fulfilled. A list of these activities can also be found on the pages of the Chamber of Craft and Small Business, i.e.:  List of relevant secondary educational programmes and National Vocational Qualifications to perform specific craft activities.

Source: Response prepared by the Chamber of Craft and Small Business of Slovenia. For further information, we suggest that you contact +386 1 58 30 829, e-mail:

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